Sources and Credits

Anbinder, Tyler. Five Points: The 19th-century New York City Neighborhood That Invented Tap Dance, Stole Elections, and Became the World’s Most Notorious Slum. New York: Free Press, 2001.

Asbury, Herbert. The Gangs of New York: An Informal History of the Underworld. New York: Thunder’s Mouth Press, 2001.

Bernstein, Iver. The New York City Draft Riots: Their Significance for American Society and Politics in the Age of the Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.

Chamberlain, Ted. “”Gangs of New York”: Fact vs. Fiction.” National Geographic. March 24, 2003. Accessed September 09, 2014.

Christie, Ian, David Thompson, eds. Scorsese on Scorsese, 262. London: Faber and Faber Limited, 2003.

Gallagher, Thomas Michael. Paddy’s Lament: Ireland, 1846-1847, Prelude to Hatred. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1982.

Gallman, J. Matthew. “Gangs of New York Review.” The Journal of American History 90, no. 3 (December 2003): 1124-126. Accessed September 09, 2014.

Harris, Leslie M. “The New York City Draft Riots of 1863.” In In the Shadow of Slavery: African Americans in New York City, 1626-1863, 279-88. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003.

Jackson, Kenneth T. The Encyclopedia of New York City, 250. New York: Yale University Press, 1995

Snyder, Robert W. “Gangs of New York Gets New York City Wrong” Open Democracy. January 15, 2003. Accessed November 1, 2014.


Photo and Video Credits

19th century Women Drawing ,

Beating of African American Drawing,

Bill the Butcher photo ,

Ending Scene Video ,

Gangs of New York Trailer

Header Photos

Killing of Bill the Butcher Video,

New York Girls Video,

the Old Brewery drawing,


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